Practical matters to attend to
EU-Residence document (EU/EEA and Switzerland)
As an EU citizen or a citizen from Switzerland you may freely enter Denmark and remain in this country for up to three months without an EU residence document (registration certificate). If you are a job seeker, you may reside in Denmark for up to six months without a registration certificate. The periods of three and six months are calculated from the date of entry.
If you expect that your stay in Denmark will last more than three months, you have to apply for an EU residence document (registration certificate) before the expiry of the three months. Job seekers are required to submit their application within six months after entry.
If you are a citizen of Finland, Iceland, Norway or Sweden, you need not to apply for a registration certificate because as a citizen of a Nordic country you have a right to reside in Denmark without permission.
For more information about residence as an EU/EEA citizen:
More help on EU residence document
You can get help at one of the four International Citizen Service centres located in four mayor cities in Denmark: Copenhagen, Aarhus, Aalborg and Odense.
Find additional information about residence in Denmark under EU rules at:
Residence and work permit (outside Scandinavia, EU/EAA and Switzerland)
If you are a citizen from a country outside Scandinavia, the EU/EEA or Switzerland, you must apply for a residence and work permit in your home country through a Danish mission, i.e. a Danish Embassy or a Danish Consulate General.
In the majority of cases, your future employer in Denmark will contribute with information for the application. There are several different options for a residence and work permit in Denmark. Your education, qualifications and the type of job you have been offered are important to how you should apply.
Be aware that after 20 May 2012, all non-EU citizens over the age of 18 applying for residence permits under the terms of the Aliens Act must have their biometric features (facial image and fingerprints) recorded when submitting their application. Biometric features will also be recorded when applying to renew a residence permit and when applying for permanent residence.
You must also be aware that a Danish authorisation can be a condition for your residence and work permit. For example, this applies if you are going to work as a doctor, dentist or a schoolteacher.
Read more about how you can apply for a residence and work permit:
Civil Registration number (CPR number)
In Denmark each person has a personal registration number, which is called a CPR number. CPR stands for Central Person Register. The CPR number is essential in relation to any contact with the Danish authorities and especially in connection to tax and social security issues.
If you are coming to Denmark to work for more than three months (six months if you come from an EU/EEA country or Switzerland), you need to apply for a CPR number at the Danish National Register (Folkeregistret)”.
You can contact your local municipality’s Citizen Service Centre or one of the four International Citizen Service Centers, available in the largest cities in Denmark: Aalborg, Aarhus, Copenhagen and Odense.
What to bring to get a CPR number
To get a CPR number you should bring along:
- Your work and residence permit (if citizen outside the EU/EEA, the Nordic region or Switzerland)
- Assignment/employment contract - Passport or personal ID
- Proof of your address in Denmark (e.g., rental contract)
- If applicable, documentation for changes of name (marriage/divorce certificate, etc.)
- If applicable, birth certificates for your children
- If applicable, a marriage certificate.
If your wife and children accompany you to Denmark they must also register and obtain a CPR number. Once you have informed the municipal authorities of your arrival and have received a CPR number, you are included in the general Danish health insurance scheme. You will be asked to choose a doctor from a list provided by your respective municipality.
If you are coming to work for 3 month or less, you will get a tax number instead of a civil registration number. Your personal tax number works like a civil registration number, i.e. it is your Danish personal registration number.
Health Insurance Card (the "yellow card")
When you work and move to Denmark, you are covered by the Danish health insurance system.
Most examinations and treatments are free, when you have a health insurance card.
The health insurance card is documentation that you are entitled to the services offered under the national health insurance scheme. You must therefore always bring your card with you when you go for treatment.
When you are covered by the national health insurance, you can register with a doctor/general practitioner (GP) and receive a (yellow) health insurance card. It is advisable always to carry this card with you as it is required whenever you need to see a doctor, a dentist or go to hospital – or when you want to take out books from the library.
Approximately two weeks after you have registered, your national health insurance card will be sent to your Danish address. The card will show your name and address, your CPR number and the name and address of your doctor.
The blue European Health Insurance Card
If you need medical treatment during travels in the EU, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein (EEA), or Switzerland you will have to use the blue European Health Insurance Card.
How can you order the blue European Health Insurance Card
If you are covered by the Danish health insurance, you can order the card for free online. If you, in the case of special circumstances, are not able to order the blue card online, you can contact Udbetaling Danmark by phone +45 70 12 80 81.
Health insurance for children and young people
Children are covered by the health insurance scheme together with their mother or father until they reach the age of 15. However, children must have their own health insurance card. Children born in Denmark automatically receive a health insurance card when they are christened or named.
Once children are 15 years old, they are insured independently of their parents and are free to choose their own GP.
International health insurance
The international health insurance rules vary according to where you are travelling to, how long you plan to be away for and the purpose of your trip.
If you travel within Europe for less than a month, you are covered by the tourist health insurance scheme in most cases.
If you travel within Europe for more than one month or for purposes other than holidays or studies, you will need a European health insurance card (in Denmark also known as the blue card).
Special rules apply if you travel in the Nordic region, Greenland, the Faroe Islands or in Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
If you travel outside Europe, or if the tourist health insurance card or the European health insurance card does not provide sufficient cover, you should think about taking out private travel insurance.
If you spend more than six months travelling, you normally lose the right to health insurance cover in Denmark.
You can contact your local municipality – their citizens’ service if you need help or further information.
To open a bank account
When you receive salary from your employer it is useful to have a bank account. To open a bank account, you just need to contact a bank of your own choice. Remember to bring photo ID (e.g. your passport) and address information.
You can only open a bank account with a Danish bank once you have obtained your tax card. As you are not a registered citizen in Denmark, the bank will want to see your:
- Tax card
- Contract of employment and payslip
Nemkonto (Easy Account)
As a resident in Denmark you will might need to open at least one Danish bank account to obtain an Easy Account (NemKonto).
An Easy Account is an account where payments from the public authorities are transferred directly. Your basic account can be designated as an Easy Account.
An Easy Account is a normal bank account into which payments from public institutions (e.g. tax refunds, child subsidies, student loans and unemployment benefits) can be transferred directly.
Opening a bank account is free of charge. It is advisable to take your contract of employment if you have one.
You can easily change your Easy Account if you get a new bank. A normal account can be converted to an Easy Account either by the bank or directly by you - if you have an Easy ID (NemID).
You do not necessarily need a bank account yourself to have an Easy Account. If, for example, you use your spouse’s bank account, you can designate this account as your NemKonto.
More information on the Easy Account:
Tax and registration
When you come to Denmark to work, you will need a civil registration number (CPR number) or a personal tax number, depending on whether you take up a short or a longer residence in Denmark.
CPR number – if longer period in Denmark
If you are working in Denmark for more than three months (six months if within EU/EEA or Nordic countries), you will need to apply for a CPR number at the Danish National Register (Folkeregistret).
You can always contact your local municipality’s Citizens Services Centre or one of the four International Citizens Services Centres in Denmark in: Aalborg, Aarhus, Copenhagen and Odense.
Personal tax number – if short period in Denmark
If you are working in Denmark for three months or less, you will get a tax number instead of a civil registration number. Your personal tax number works like a civil registration number, i.e. it is your Danish personal identification number.
To get a personal tax number
You can have a personal tax number without having a CPR number.
Personal tax numbers are given to those who come to Denmark but cannot get a civil registration number (CPR number), eg. because they only work in Denmark for a short period - see section above.
You can request a personal tax number by completing form no. 04.063 from SKAT (available in four languages).
You can also contact your local tax centre or one of the International Citizens Services Centres to obtain your personal tax number.
Remember to bring form no. 04.063, ID with picture, such as passport or ID card, and marriage certificate (if you are married).
Citizens from outside the EU, Switzerland or the Nordic countries must also bring a work permit. Your personal tax number works like a civil registration number, i.e. it is your Danish personal identification number.
If you have previously worked in Denmark, you will already have a civil registration number or a personal tax number.
When you have completed the form 04.063 and attached the documents required, you will receive a preliminary income assessment (forskudsopgørelse) within two weeks. In the top of your preliminary income assessment, you will see your personal tax number.
Read more about the preliminary income assessment in the section below.
In order for your employer to know how much tax to deduct from your salary, you need a tax card.
You can apply for a tax card by following the same procedure as used for the personal tax number in the section above.
This means that you must complete form no. 04.063 from SKAT.
You can also contact your local tax centre or one of the International Citizens Services Centres.
You should then bring:
The above mentioned form no. 04.063, ID with photo, such as a passport or ID card, marriage certificate (if applicable) and your work permit if you are a citizen from outside the EU, Switzerland or the Nordic countries.
The tax card contains information about your withholding rate, deductions and allowances. You can see your tax card information on the first page of your preliminary income assessment (forskudsopgørelse).
When you have completed the form (04.063) and attached or enclosed the documents required, you will receive a preliminary income assessment (forskudsopgørelse) within two weeks.
In your preliminary income assessment, you can see your withholding rate, your monthly tax-free allowances and deductions, and what SKAT expects your income and allowances and deductions to be. The tax card (primary tax card, secondary tax card or tax exemption card) is a part of your preliminary income assessment. Your employer will receive your tax card directly from SKAT. You cannot hand in your tax card yourself.
Note that your tax card is part of your preliminary income assessment.
How to get help with online self-services in Danish
Most of the online self-services are in Danish, but you can always get help to fill in forms and online applications at the local citizen service center or at the library. Or maybe you can get help from a Dane. Remember to bring your NemID.