In Denmark, insurance against unemployment is voluntary. If you want to be insured against unemployment, you must become a member of an unemployment insurance fund (a-kasse).
A-kasser are private non-profit institutions. Payments of unemployment benefits ("dagpenge") from the A-kasser are guaranteed by the Danish State.
A-kasse membership and requirements
Requirements to be eligible for benefits:
- You must have been member of an a-kasse for at least one year
- You must have earned/have had an income of at least DKK 238,512 (this amount is valid for 2020) during the last 3 years (in total)
There are special favourable conditions for graduates.
If you are entitled to benefits, you must do the following to actually get the benefits paid out:
- Register as a job seeker on your first day of unemployment at your local job center or on jobnet.dk
- Complete a declaration of unemployment with your A-kasse
- As long as you receive benefits, you must be actively seeking employment and willing to accept offers of employment with one day's notice. This means that there must be no factual or legal obstacles for you to legally take work.
It is therefore important that your residence and work permit gives you right to stay and work in Denmark, if you should lose your current job.
Transfer of acquired rights from another EU/EEA country
If you come from another EU/EEA country, you can retain earned rights (membership period and working period) from your home country's unemployment insurance scheme. Read more about transferring periods of work and insurance from another EU/EEA Country.
How much are the unemployment benefits?
Your unemployment benefits (dagpenge in Danish) may not exceed 90 per cent of your previous salary and may never be higher than the maximum rate. As of January 1, 2020 the maximum rate is DKK 19,083 per month for a full-time insured member.
The basis for calculating how much you can get in benefits is your best 12 months with income within the last 24 months. If you have not had 12 months with income, your A-kasse will calculate your benefits on the basis of all months with income within the last 24-month period.
As a rule, a member has a right to unemployment benefits for a maximum of two years in total within a 3 year period. Unemployment benefits will be paid per calendar month and are granted for up to 160,33 hours a month.
Get supplementary benefits if you work part-time
If you work less than 145,53 hours in a month it is possible to get supplemented with benefits ("dagpenge") for up to 160,33 hours. It is possible to get supplementary benefits for up to 30 weeks.
Do you have questions about A-kasse?